What is acne?

Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous unit (hair follicle and sebaceous gland) characterized by non-inflammatory (open and closed comedones) or inflammatory (papules and pustules) lesions, also involving an increase in trans epidermal water loss. The skin responds to these through:

• Increased sebum secretion
• hyperkeratosis
• Increase P. acnes
• Inflammation

Treating acne

Acne is one of the most common skin diseases and should be treated early and aggressively. Limiting the duration of active acne may reduce the risk of physical and emotional scarring. The main types of treatments for acne are:

• Topical
• Systemic
• Chemical peels
• Lasers and light
• BioPhotonics

Sometimes combinations of these treatments are used. The choice of treatment may vary with the location, type and extent of the lesion, experience with previous treatment and patient preference.

The benefits of the treatment need to be maintained as acne can recur for years. A successful acne maintenance therapy must be tolerable, appropriate for the patient´s lifestyle and convenient.

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